U.S.-China Trade War: Is U.S. trying to bully Pakistan?

Published: 13-10-2018, 16:00

The United States which is the largest contributor to the International Monetary Fund and has 17.68 per cent of voting rights in major decisions, said that it would examine closely Pakistan’s request of a loan from the IMF. U.S. officials may think that Pakistan found itself in such a situation because of Chinese debt. Pakistani authorities rejected this claim and pointed out that their indebtedness to China is much smaller than imagined.  On Thursday IMF Managing Director Christine...

Cracking the code of Belt and Road Initiative through Chinese art, history and philosophy

Published: 6-10-2018, 09:10

In Chinese legends and mythology, Nuwa is the goddess who created the mankind. She also repaired the broken pillars of heaven which were damaged by Gong Gong, the God of Water, in his fight with Zhu Rong, the God of Fire. Some social scientists consider that China’s Belt and Road Initiative is coming to repair and stabilize the broken economies of poor Asian and African countries like Nuwa. Whereas many scholars argue that China is fighting like a Gong Gong with the USA (Zhu Rong) to...

Armenian asylum seeking families hardly let themselves be deported

Published: 6-10-2018, 06:35

The exodus of migrants from Armenia in the South Caucasus to Russia and Europe is not something new as compared to those from Africa or Syria. Nevertheless, the problem of illegal migrants in Europe from Armenia remains pressing for many governments and they do not know how to cope with this fairly old problem. Armenians seeking asylum in Europe often fabricate documents to pretend as victims of hostilities in the former Soviet space by presenting fake documents, as numerous investigations into...


Latvia elections: new parties replace traditional ones

Published: 12-10-2018, 09:20

  In the 2018 Saeima elections in Latvia, the Social Democratic Party Harmony emerged victorious, although its total seats in the parliament decreased. Harmony must however share the power with new parties which are going to replace the traditional ones in Latvian Parliament. Riga-based political analyst Toms Rātfelders provides insight into post-election Latvian politics.      Abbas Zeynalli: What was the cause of decrease of trust to main political parties, especially to...

Ukraine-Russia: officially not friends any longer?

Published: 7-10-2018, 10:00

Recently Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a decree not to extend the Friendship Treaty with Russia. The Topchubashov Center interviews Nurlan Aliyev, Warsaw-based expert on Eastern Europe, on how this unilateral act will affect the Ukraine-Russia relations and what the Donbas conflict`s perspectives on becoming a frozen one look.    On 19 September 2018, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a decree not to extend ‘Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and...

Crimean Tatars after Russian annexation

Published: 14-09-2018, 16:50

  The 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia influenced not only geopolitics and international law, but also the lives of local people, most of all, the Crimean Tatars, the indigenous population of the peninsula. To discuss the post-2014 situation of the Crimean Tatars, The Topchubashov Center interviews Prof. Natalya Belitser whose area of expertise includes issues of interethnic relations, minorities and indigenous peoples’ rights.       How is the current...


Do developed countries have a duty to assist the global poor?

Published: 13-09-2018, 11:45

Today we cannot reject the situation that is happening in poorer countries. We are rich countries and our population is relatively affluent. We could also use some of our resources to assist people who live in measurable conditions and cannot meet their basic needs. Moreover, today people are also worried about sustainability of environment, migration, security issues. So, if we live in a world of increasing inequality then we cannot project to be moving towards a more secure and stable world....

Rational Prosperity or Prosperous Rationality?

Published: 1-09-2018, 12:00

Nowadays, there is a popular thought among society which underestimates the development of people’s life standards and endowed with pessimistic view of future. The increasing insecurity of developing technology, the existence of terror danger, and political and trade wars among countries are facilities tend to be highlighted in mass media and create pessimistic view of current and future living standards in people's vision. However, while analyzing today’s life standards instead of...

Evaluation of Brain Drain in South Caucasus: Reality or imminent threat?

Published: 24-08-2018, 23:45

Although a number of surveys and studies about migration in the South Caucasus have been conducted, empirical researches about brain drain from the region is limited, especially after 2015, which is a breakpoint for regional states due to the falling oil prices and slowdown of Russian economy. In this regard, the aim of this study is to discuss the brain drain in the region, analyse the stimulating factors for human capital outflow from Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia separately. Moreover, this...

Events and opportunities

CfA: Kääriku Winter School 2019

Published: 9-10-2018, 10:45

The Johan Skytte Institute of the University of Tartu invites graduate and post-graduate students to apply for the winter school "Bio-, Geo- and Ethnopolitics of the Post-Communist Transformations: 1989-2019”. This event is part of a series of winter schools hosted by the University of Tartu in cooperation with the international project "Escapes from Modernity" since 2011. The winter school is going to happen in Kääriku, Estonia, 4-9 February 2019   Content In February...

RUCARR Caucasus Conference: Promoting International Dialogue and Protecting Cultural Heritage in the Caucasus

Published: 26-09-2018, 11:10

The conference ‘Promoting International Dialogue and Protecting Cultural Heritage in the Caucasus’  is organized by the research platform Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR) – on December 5–6, 2018, at the Faculty of Culture and Society, Malmö University, Sweden. The conference is funded by the Swedish Institute (SI). Themes of central interest to the conference are (1) strategies and efforts to promote dialogue across the Caucasus region, and...

CfA: Internship at the International Centre for Black Sea Studies

Published: 26-09-2018, 10:05

The International Centre for Black Sea Studies (ICBSS) offers an internship to qualified individuals wishing to gain work experience in a policy-oriented research institute. Tasks and responsibilities of the interns will include editing of scientific publications, research assistance, administrative and event support.   Eligibility: - At least a first degree (Bachelor or equivalent) preferably in social or political sciences; - Proven interest in issues related to the Black Sea region; -...

Edge of Change

Edge of Change (Issue 022)

Published: 3-10-2018, 22:20

China Has Chosen Cultural Genocide in Xinjiang—For Now (by Kate Cronin Furman) 19 September 2018 Beijing is now tackling the whole China’s Muslim Uighur minority, whose loyalties the central government has long distrusted for both nationalist and religious reasons. The Uighurs are a problem for China, and perhaps an intractable one. They are reluctant subjects of the Chinese state, they sit on the route most key to Xi Jinping’s signature Belt and Road Initiative and increasing...

Edge of Change (Issue 021)

Published: 29-08-2018, 09:00

A Saudi-Iran Oil War Could Break Up OPEC (By Irina Slav) 22 August 2018 When OPEC and Russia shook on increasing crude oil production by a million barrels per day to stop the oil price climb that had begun getting uncomfortable for consumers from Asia to the United States, there was no sign of what was to come just two months later: slowing demand in Asia, ample supply, and a brewing price war between Saudi Arabia and Iran. This war could effectively put an end to OPEC: it’s hard to...

Edge of Change (Issue 020)

Published: 21-08-2018, 13:35

  Good Oligarch, Bad Oligarch (by Vladislav Inozemtsev) 31 July 2018   Vladislav Inozemtsev argues that the policy of marginalizing and stifling virtually all of the so-called Russian oligarchs is counter-productive and will only bring them into Putin’s warm embrace. Instead, he proposes to distinguish between those billionaires who actively endorse and finance the Russian government’s policies and those who have tried hardly to stand outside of it and transfer their...


Developmental state

Published: 8-10-2018, 23:15

Developmental state, or hard state is a term that refers to the phenomenon of state-led macroeconomic planning in East Asia during the late 20th century. The concept of the developmental state emerged to explain the rapid growth of a number of countries in East Asia during the postwar period. In this model of capitalism, the state has more independent, or autonomous, political power, as well as more control over the economy.  Arguing for the distinctive features of developmental states,...


Published: 2-10-2018, 20:20

Finlandization is a political course by a smaller nation, which takes into account the foreign policy interests of a bigger neighbor, while retaining its own internal regime and values. The original term comes is related to Finland, when it chose to be a neutral buffer state during the Cold War. Although Finland was generally considered as part of the Western world due to its democratic governance and market economy, it did not join NATO and accepted to some extent the Soviet influence in its...

Carter doctrine

Published: 1-06-2018, 12:05

Carter Doctrine is a foreign policy initiative introduced by U.S. President Jimmy Carter on January 23, 1980 as a response to the Soviet Union’s intervention in Afghanistan. J. Carter declared that the U.S. would employ military force against any country that attempted to gain control of the Persian Gulf, thus warning away outside forces from the region.  The Carter administration recommended a 6 percent increase in the defense budget and created Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force...

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